A. Yes, the main ones follow:
The Americans with Disabilities Act (1990)
Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act requires employers with 15 or more employees to provide qualified individuals with disabilities an equal opportunity to benefit from the full range of employment-related opportunities available to others. It prohibits discrimination in many different areas of employment and restricts questions that can be asked about an applicant's disability before a job offer is made. It also requires that employers make reasonable accommodation to the known physical or mental limitations of otherwise qualified individuals with disabilities, unless it results in undue hardship.
Title II prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities by state and local governments regardless of their size. Title II also prohibits discrimination by public transportation services.
Title III covers entities that provide public accommodation (e.g., restaurants, movie theaters, hotels, etc.).
Title IV covers telephone and television communication which includes a Relay service in each state.
The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (As Amended)
The Rehab Act prohibits employment discrimination against individuals with disabilities in the federal sector, programs conducted by federal agencies, programs that receive funding from the federal government, and employment practices of federal contractors.
The Ticket to Work & Work Incentive Improvement Act
This Act modernizes the employment services system for people with disabilities so they do not have to choose between working and having health care. This legislation created the Ticket to Work Program administered by the Social Security Administration (SSA).
There may be more laws enacted by the state in which you live. ECNV suggests that you contact your local Center for Independent Living (CIL, find yours at www.ilru.org/html/publications/directory/index.html) or your state’s rehabilitation agency for more information about your state.
A. The ADA protects you from discrimination in all employment practices, including: job application procedures, hiring, firing, training, pay, promotion, benefits, and leave. You also have a right to be free from harassment because of your disability, and you have a right to request a reasonable accommodation for the hiring process and on the job. Both applicants for employment and employees are protected under the ADA. An employer may not fire or discipline you for asserting your rights under the ADA.
A. An employer must make reasonable accommodations for you according to the ADA. A reasonable accommodation is a modification of a job, job site or way in which a job is done that allows a person with a disability to have equal access to all aspects of work. Reasonable accommodation also assures that a qualified individual with a disability has the same rights and privileges in employment as employees without disabilities.
Accommodations can be high-tech (e.g., voice dictation software), low-tech (e.g., a simple switch or button to allow an employee to use a computer mouse), or no-tech (e.g., a pencil grip). Accommodations do not always have to involve technology. An accommodation can be something as simple as rearranging the furniture in an office. Examples of some accommodations are (this, in no way, is meant to be an all-encompassing list):
A. It might. In most cases your SSI/SSDI check will be reduced following employment. But the amount it goes down by will depend on how much you are earning in your new job.
SSI stands for Supplemental Security Income and SSDI stands for Social Security Disability Insurance.
If you are receiving SSI/SSDI and you go to work, the amount your check goes down depends on the state in which you live and whether or not you are married. You will need to check with your local independent living center or with your local social security office for details on working while receiving SSI benefits. There are special rules called Work Incentives that allow people with disabilities to go back to work and continue to receive SSI.
Social Security and Work Incentives are complicated issue and it helps to get assistance in understanding your benefits. ECNV suggests you contact your local CIL (find yours at www.ilru.org/html/publications/directory/index.html) and ask to speak with the person in charge of Benefits Planning Assistance and Outreach (BPAO) or Social Security issues.
A. There are many types of governments (federal, state and local) and many types of jobs available. The following are resources you can use to apply for employment in a government agency or department:
USAJobs – the official job site of the United States federal government
Virginia Employment Commission (VEC)
(804) 786-1485 (Voice)
800-828-1140 (Toll- free V)
(804) 371-8050 (TTY)
800-828-1120 (Toll-free TTY)
City of Alexandria
Department of Personnel Services
Human Resources Department
Department of Human Resources
24-Hour Jobline: 703-324-5627 (V)
All applications (unless otherwise noted) must be submitted through the Applicant Information Management System (AIMS).
Division of Human Resources
You can apply using Schedule A if you are a person with an intellectual disability, a severe physical disability, or a psychiatric disability. In order to be selected you will need to show that you meet the qualifications of the job (with or without reasonable accommodation).
To apply using Schedule A, you must submit a letter giving proof of your disability from:
A. State and federal governments have offices dedicated to serving people with complaints.
Virginia Office for Protection and Advocacy (VOPA): VOPA is the state protection and advocacy agency for persons with disabilities in Virginia and it operates the Client Assistance Program (CAP) which is intended to assist individuals who have problems, complaints or concerns regarding vocational rehabilitation services provided by DRS, CILs or other programs funded under the Rehabilitation Act. You may pursue a complaint under the CAP, the ADA, or under the Virginians with Disabilities Act.
800-552-3962 (Toll-Free in Virginia)
ADA Information Center for the Mid-Atlantic Region: The ADA Information Center provides information and technical assistance regarding your employment rights and reasonable accommodations under the ADA.
(301) 217-0124 (V/TTY)
800-949-4232 (Toll-free V/TTY)
(301) 217-0754 (Fax)
U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)
U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ)
(202) 514-2000 (V/Relay)
Information specifically for people with disabilities can be found at www.ada.gov. This includes information about how to file a complaint and toll-free phone numbers for the Americans with Disabilities Act Information Line.
The Office of Disability Employment Policy (ODEP) has helpful videos to help individuals with disabilities be strong candidates in the job search. The videos cover topics such as building effective resumes, disclosing your disability, informational interviews, stress management and more.
Check them out at www.dol.gov/odep/wrp/Videos.htm